History of tobacco


Wild wild tobacco plant has about 4,000 years ago, coinciding with the civilization of the Indians of Central and South America. Official history of tobacco production is marked on the expedition due date 12.11.1492 discovered America by Christopher Columbus, he found the natives in Antil archipelago just dancing, while smoking a curled leaf called Tabaccos.

Thousands of years BC, the Indians had planted tobacco on the vast lands of South America, Central America, Antil archipelago and some other places.

Tobacco was brought to Europe around the year 1496-1498 by Romam Pano (preachers New Spain) after America went on. 1556, Andre also Teve grain from Brazil brought tobacco grown in Spain, Portugal. Jean Nicot, the French ambassador in Lisbon had offered to the French queen Featerina Mechssi the first tobacco plants. According to banish tobacco can hurt patients by giving patients the drug powder smell.

Tobacco is grown in Russia in 1697 by Petro Valeski after a visit to the UK and some other countries take. King Sulemam for tobacco growers in Bulgaria circa 1687. In Germany since 1964 has production plants in Nordeburg cigarettes and in 1788 had a cigar factory in Hamburg.
In Asian countries, Thai Binh Duong, tobacco grown in the 18th century.

Cultivation engineering, biotechnology has grown rapidly to produce a variety of materials to meet the tobacco processing industry, the demand for diverse tastes and special cigarettes for export.

In the long run, thuocla called many names like La Herba Sanema (medicinal plants), Herba Panacea (cure all disease Tree), L’Herba etrange (medicinal plants anomaly), L’Ambassadeur d’Herba ( commemorative tree named ambassador in Lisbon). Then the rest just fades name called Nicotiana to commemorate Jean Nicot name, who has spread the tobacco cultivation in Europe. Nowadays many countries have the same name as Tabacco Tobacco (UK, US), Tabak (Germany, Russia), Trutrun (Turkey, Bulgaria), Tutun (Rumamia) … But the scientific name of the plant is tobacco v2ng Nicotiana tabacum.

Tobacco is grown widely in the different natural conditions, different criteria primitive times. Distribution ranges from 40 growing regions south latitude to 60 degrees north latitude, but concentrated in the northern latitudes. Cigarettes have inherited a rich, broad adaptability, under all direct impacts of human, cigarettes today are more characteristic qualities, different appearance. These include dried yellow tobacco types have unique flavor and Virginia (USA, Zimbabwe, …), Oriental tobacco – specialties of the Mediterranean, famous cigars Cuba and Sumatra (Indonesia).

The smoke spread to other European countries, in 1561, Jean Nicot, the French ambassador in Lisbon has introduced tobacco powder Catherine de Medici with the queen, who suffer from migraine. Tobacco powder sneezing, her royal pain abated. That makes surprise French nobility, but starting to use tobacco as a trendy lifestyle of nobility interesting. To homage Nicot, tobacco called nicotine.

Spanish, and Portuguese paved the way for the “Play is geographically”, leading to expanded world trade and the rapid development of trade and industry. The Netherlands, Anhm France, Belgium also competed in search market in the world trade. Tobacco is one of the important goods were brought to European countries, Asia and Africa.

By the 1592, a century after Columbus discovered America, tobacco was cultivated in Belgium, Spain, Switzerland and the UK. Then spread to the Philippines, India, Java, Japan, West Africa, China and the merchants brought tobacco until Mongolia and Siberia.

Step into the seventeenth century, tobacco has caused controversy in Europe. Tobacco has divided social perspective, but European governments can not prohibit because of the huge amounts of money collected from the tobacco tax to the national budget.

By the eighteenth century, nineteenth Euro-American countries completed ạng industrial way. The scientific and technical inventions spurred industrial production. Tobacco industry was born and a profit bigger than before

1881, James BONSACK, a Virginia (USA), invented a machine can produce 120,000 cigarettes xuatg / day.

James “Buck” Duke, who 21 years later became the first president of the company BAT (British tobacco company – USA), bought 2 machine and manufacturing company of tobacco he turned to family manufacture of cigarettes. Cigarettes gradually replace the use pipe tobacco, chewing and snuff categories to breathe.

The late nineteenth century, throughout the twentieth century, capitalism shifting to monopoly. Small companies have filed for bankruptcy or being sucked into the big company – the exclusive manufacturing conglomerates – have much capital, applied science, advanced technology, high productivity, high product quality, to gradually dominate the world market.

Tobacco industry occurred centralization process as other manufacturing sectors. The tobacco conglomerate multinational as BAT, Philip Morris (USA), Japan Tobacco International (Japan), Imperial and Gallaher (UK), the Group ALTADIS Franco – Spanish (France – Spain) … currently dominant the world of tobacco grown, processed, producing tobacco, cigarettes, the specialized machines and all accessories for cigarette production.

After World War II, the countries gained independence and development attention tobacco industry as China, Indonesia, Korea, India, Philippines, Egypt, Pakistan, Vietnam …